### Day in the Life of an Options Trader at a Bulge Bracket Bank

Jul 25, · Northern Trust has launched a new options trading desk within its institutional brokerage business, expanding its trading capabilities for asset manager and asset owner clients. The Chicago-based options desk provides institutional clients globally with options trading and streamlined reporting for prime brokerage. Apr 30, · Types of Trading Desks. Foreign exchange trading desks trade currencies in pairs to take advantage of any differential. Commodity trading desks are focused on agricultural products, metals, and other commodities, such as crude oil, gold, and coffee. Many brokers also offer trading desks for their clients. Yes, sellside trading on a flow options desk isnt about identifying fundamental value in the Buffet style sense. At the core of it its more about relative value. I personally think in a market making seat you can maximize profits relative to PNL volatility by focusing on relative value.

### The Different Trading Desks of an Investment Bank

Therefore, the holder will allow the option to expire. Intrinsic Value The intrinsic value is the amount of money we could realize through exercising our option, under the assumption that the FX spot rate will equal the current rate on the expiration date.

The reason is that the time value will always be zero when the currency option expires. Hence, a Forex call option has intrinsic value if the FX spot price is above its strike price. A Forex put option has intrinsic value if the FX spot price is below its strike price.

Time Value and Implied Volatility The calculation of the time value is far more complex. The reason is that many parameters influence the time value. The dominant parameters are the volatility of the underlying currencies and the time left until the expiration. Higher implied volatility increases the price of the Forex Option because there is an increased chance for profitable movements. Calculating the time value even addresses the difference in the interest rates between the two currencies.

Such embedded interest rate differentials in currency trades are called FX swap rates. Diagram: How intrinsic value and time value cohere. The closer the expiry date gets, the more the time value declines. At the expiration, it is zero. The time value of an option is maximal when the option is At-The-Money. The most common statistical method for European FX Option pricing follows the Garman-Kohlhagen Model which calculates a log-normal process, **fx options trading desk**.

It is a modification of the well-known Black-Scholes Model for standard option pricing and takes the two **fx options trading desk** interest rates of a currency pair into account. Why do we use FX Options? The FX Options market is the options market with the highest depth and liquidity in the World, *fx options trading desk*. Market participants can use different strategies for limiting risks and increasing profits. This strategy works as an insurance contract.

If the market moves against us, the option protects us by limiting **fx options trading desk** fixing the potential minus.

On the other hand, we can still profit from favourable FX rates should the market move in our direction, **fx options trading desk**.

FX options have the advantage that the upside is unlimited. At the same time, we can only lose what we have paid for the contract, *fx options trading desk*. Thus, we can develop sophisticated trading strategies. Since we know our maximal loss before, position sizing in the spot market can happen with easy and predefined strategies, *fx options trading desk*.

Another advantage for traders is that they can work without stop-losses for open positions in the spot market. Buy a contract and let the markets decide. Forget about permanently **fx options trading desk** your stop-losses which only leads to mental mistakes — Peace of mind. Currency market turbulences and massive exchange rate fluctuations can happen due to unforeseen events in the World economy or politics.

By utilizing FX Options, we can protect ourselves against these sudden movements in exchange rates. He will always receive the fixed Premium for taking over the risk. The purchaser of an FX Call Option has the right to buy the underlying currency. An FX Put Option gives the purchaser the right to sell the underlying currency.

FX Option Styles There are different fx option styles which you can classify. Forex Options may differ in the dates on which we may exercise them, **fx options trading desk**.

European FX *Fx options trading desk* may only be exercised on the expiration date and not earlier. American FX Options are more flexibly styled products.

We can exercise them at *fx options trading desk* time until their expiry dates. Both American and European options belong to the class of Vanilla Options. Vanilla Options include all options for which the payoff is calculated similarly.

The second class is called Exotic Options. Their price calculation is often very challenging and less transparent because they are traded OTC.

An example is Binary FX Options. To protect consumers, they are forbidden in many countries. Forex Option Contracts — Important Terms Strike Price The strike price or exercise price is the price at which the option buyer has the right to either buy or sell the underlying currency. The strike price has to be determined in advance and is part of the option contract. Expiry Date The expiry date expiration date is the last date at which the option may be **fx options trading desk.** After this date, the option contract expires.

Delivery Date Only relevant if the option is exercised. Premium The cost of purchasing the FX Option. The buyer has to pay upfront for the Premium, at the time of purchase. The Premium is calculated based on risk assumptions and depends on different factors.

For instance, the difference between the current price and strike price of the underlying FX rate, and the time between the purchase and the expiry are important. Exercise Exercising the option means using the right which has been granted by buying the option. If the buyer decides to exercise the option, then the seller will be informed, and the guaranteed FX transaction will happen.

If the exchange rate is lower than 1. Also, he can buy back EUR in the spot market at a lower exchange rate of 1. At the same time, the holder can still profit from a drop in the currency rate. Where can I trade Forex Options? Look for a broker which offers FX Options *fx options trading desk.* Others offer their own OTC contracts.

Additionally, the minimum deposit and fees can be different. We obtain the right to buy or sell currency for the strike price, on the expiry date. We have no obligation to exercise this right.

The Premium *fx options trading desk* the cost we pay. How does an FX Option work? The option price consists of intrinsic and time value. American options can be exercised anytime on or before the date of expiration. European options can only be exercised on the date of expiration. When *fx options trading desk* why should I use currency options?

Your risk is limited to the price of the option. Traders trade market volatility or trade without classic stop-loss strategies. Portfolio managers and businesses hedge Forex risks.

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### Northern Trust launches new global options trading desk - The TRADE

Execution Excellence You Deserve. Extensive trade desk support: options, foreign equity, foreign exchange, agency sales trading and execution support. Forex Trading Desk. Forex contracts are quoted in currency pairs. For example, traders take bets on whether the dollar will rise or fall in relation to the yen (USD/JPY). The U.S. dollar is the most heavily traded currency, taking up about 85% of forex trading volume; next is . Jul 25, · Northern Trust has launched a new options trading desk within its institutional brokerage business, expanding its trading capabilities for asset manager and asset owner clients. The Chicago-based options desk provides institutional clients globally with options trading and streamlined reporting for prime brokerage.